Introduction to Android

What is Android?

Android is an open source and Linux-based Operating System for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Android was developed by the Open Handset Alliance, led by Google, and other companies.

Android offers a unified approach to application development for mobile devices which means developers need to develop for only Android, and their applications should be able to run on different devices powered by Android.

Open Handset Alliance is a group of mobile and technology leaders who share this vision for changing the mobile experience for consumers …” An association of 80+ technology and mobile business companies.

Open handset Alliance Companies

History of Android

Android Inc. was founded in Palo Alto, California, in October 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. Rubin described the Android project as “tremendous potential in developing smarter mobile devices that are more aware of its owner’s location and preferences”.

Android Versions:

Android Versions with names and API Levels
Android Versions with names and API Levels

Android API Levels

Platform VersionAPI LevelVERSION_Name
Android 11.030NoName
Android 10.029Android Q
Android 9.028Pie
Android 8.026Oreo
Android 7.024Nougat
Android 6.023MARSHMALLOW
Android 5.122LOLLIPOP_MR1
Android 5.021LOLLIPOP
Android 4.4W20KITKAT_WATCH
Android 4.419KITKAT
Android 4.318JELLY_BEAN_MR2
Android 4.2, 4.2.217JELLY_BEAN_MR1
Android 4.1, 4.1.116JELLY_BEAN
Android 4.0.3, 4.0.415ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH_MR1
Android 4.0, 4.0.1, 4.0.214ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH
Android 3.213HONEYCOMB_MR2
Android 3.1.x12HONEYCOMB_MR1
Android 3.0.x11HONEYCOMB
Android 2.3.4 , 2.3.310GINGERBREAD_MR1
Android 2.3.2 , 2.3.1,2.39GINGERBREAD
Android 2.2.x8FROYO
Android 2.1.x7ECLAIR_MR1
Android 2.0.16ECLAIR_0_1
Android 2.05ECLAIR
Android 1.64DONUT
Android 1.53CUPCAKE
Android 1.12BASE_1_1
Android 1.01BASE
Android API Levels

Why Android ?

  • Features of Android OS
    • Open source and freeware
    • Advanced Hardware Integration
    • Advanced Compact Software tools
    • Easy device to device Communication
    • Easy share and access to global information
    • Call, SMS, MMS, Internet facility to single handset
    • Common platform for all applications – Ex: PlayStore
    • Advanced security features like fingerprint and face recognition
    • Easy connectivity to other devices like CCTV and other Home appliances
    • A large platform of office work, gaming and entertainment industry

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